Empower Your Recovery
  • Cervical Pain

    Cervical pain refers to pain around the neck area. Onset of neck pain can be due to trauma e.g. whiplash resulting from accident or fall. Otherwise, repetitive movements or prolonged poor postures relating to sport or occupation can also result in cervical pain. At times, it can be accompanied with referred pain or sensation e.g. numbness, pins and needles down to the arms.

  • Cervicogenic Headache

    Headache that is referred from upper sections of the neck. Neck movements or prolonged forward head posture causes the headache. Often misdiagnosed with migraine or giddiness, but cervicogenic headache occurs mostly on one side accompanied with same side neck pain.

  • Thoracic Pain

    Thoracic back pain occurs at the upper or/and middle back. Pain is often localised and mostly aggravated by deep breathing, sneezing or coughing. At times, it can accompany with shoulder pain due to the upper quadrant complex dysfunction.

  • Lower Back Sprain or Strain

    Up to 80% of people will have lower back pain at some point in their life. Lower back sprain or strain is usually localized pain in the low back (doesn’t radiate down the leg). Pain often starts after poor biomechanics in lifting or prolonged poor sitting posture.

  • Sciatica

    Sciatica refers to pain in the areas of sciatic nerve distribution, radiating pain from the lower back or sacral spine. It sometimes associated with sensory and motor deficit. In about 90% of the cases is caused by prolapsed intervertebral disc that irritates the nerve, hence causing inflammation. Mechanical risk factors for sciatica are like frequent lifting, repetitive twisting, awkward bending and strenuous physical activity.

  • Sacroiliac joint (SIJ) Dysfunction

    Sacroiliac joint dysfunction occurs when there is abnormal movement at the SIJ, either hypermobility (too much movement) or hypomobility (too little movement). Common causes are like trauma or wear and tear of the ligaments around SIJ, hence resulting in inflammation of the SIJ. Lower back pain, groin pain, buttock pain or hip pain are normally complained. SIJ dysfunction contributes to 15-30% of mechanical lower back pain.

  • Shoulder Impingement

    Shoulder impingement is a condition where the rotator cuff tendons are intermittently pinched during shoulder movements. The impingement is often due to muscle weakness or poor muscle coordination around the neck and shoulder. Hence, causes injury to the shoulder tendons and bursa resulting in painful shoulder movements.

  • Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy

    Tendinopathy is a failed healing process of the tendon. It involves an overused degenerative process of the tendon, which manifested by pain, inflammation and weakness. Pain often occurs during overhead movements and when strength is required e.g. lifting.

  • Shoulder Dislocation and Instability

    A dislocated shoulder occurs when the ball of the upper arm bone is forced fully out of its socket. Shoulder instability refers to the inability to maintain the shoulder in the socket. Instability may result from changes to passive structures such as ligament, capsule or labrum or it can be caused by poor muscle coordination.

  • Frozen Shoulder

    Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition characterized by stiffness and pain in the shoulder joint. Insidious onset of signs and symptoms typically develop gradually in stages of freezing, frozen and thawing. Each stage can last for about 3-6 months.

  • Tennis Elbow

    Tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis is an overuse muscles strain injury. The condition typically presents with tenderness or pain occurring at outer part of the elbow. The forearm muscles and tendons are overloaded repetitive motion, which may result in micro tears of the tissue.

  • Golfer’s Elbow

    Golfer’s elbow or medial epicondylitis causes pain in the inner side of the elbow. Similar to tennis elbow, it is an overuse muscle strain injury. It is usually aggravated by gripping, rotating forearm and flexing the wrist repetitively.

  • Femoroacetabular Impingement (FAI)

    FAI occurs when the ball shaped femoral head rubs abnormally or does not permit a normal range of motion in the acetabular socket. The abnormal biomechanical motion can cause wear and tear at the articular cartilage or at the labrum.

  • Labral Tear

    The labrum is a strong sheath of cartilage and connective tissues that surrounds the hip socket. A labral tear doesn’t necessary present with symptoms. In some cases, groin pain associated with “clicking” or “catching” or “locking” are symptoms commonly complained during hip movements.

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury

    ACL can be injured or ruptured due to a contact injury where the foot is planted on the ground and a force hits the knee when it is straight or slightly bent, or a non-contact injury during sudden pivoting motion of the body with a planted leg or landing from a jump in or near full extension of the knee. “Pop” or “click” normally felt or heard during the injury.

  • Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury

    PCL injury occurs by forced hyperextension or a posterior translation of the tibia. It is more common in road traffic accidents or a sports-related injury where the knee lands in a kneeling position or hyperextension. “Pop” or “click” normally felt or heard during the injury.

  • Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)

    The MCL is usually sprained when the force towards the inner thigh is too great for the ligament to resist and the ligament is overstretched. This can occur through a sharp change in direction, twisting the knee whilst the foot is fixed, landing wrong from a jump, or a blunt force hit to the knee.

  • Meniscus Sprain / Tear

    In the young population, a meniscus sprain or tear is usually due to a trauma of the knee by twisting on a slightly bent knee. Most of the time this is a sports-related injury. There are different types of meniscus tears. In the older population, the tear may be due to degeneration of the meniscus or arthritis.

  • Knee Osteoarthritis

    Knee osteoarthritis is a degenerative knee condition where the articular cartilage of the knee joint gradually wears away, exposing the underlying bone. This may result in bony spurs developing in and around the knee joint which causes pain and stiffness. Some main causes of knee osteoarthritis are age, weight, previous knee joint injury, genetics and jobs or sports that repeatedly load the knee joint.

  • Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

    Patellofemoral pain syndrome is the pain around or underneath the kneecap due to excessive patellofemoral joint pressure from maltracking of the kneecap. Maltracking of the kneecap can possibly lead to joint irritation and eventually degeneration of the joint surface of the patella. The maltracking if often due to poor muscle coordination and muscle tightness.

  • Ankle Sprain

    An ankle sprain is an injury to the ligaments that surround and connect the bones of the leg to the foot. The injury typically happens during twisting or turning of the ankle in an awkward way. Ankle sprain can happen to anyone at any age. Participating in sports, walking on uneven surfaces, or even wearing inappropriate footwear can all cause ankle sprains.

  • Achilles Tendinopathy

    Repetitive or intense strain on the Achilles tendon, a band of tissues that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone, results in Achilles tendinopathy. It is often caused by a sudden increase in the amount or intensity of physical activity, for example, increasing in running distance drastically without letting the body to adjust gradually.

  • Tibialis Posterior Tendon Dysfunction (PTTD)

    PTTD occurs when the posterior tibialis posterior tendon is inflamed or/and torn. The tendon inflammation or torn is due to acute injury from a fall or tendon overused with repetitive high impact activities. As a result, the tendon is unable to provide stability to support the inner side of foot arch.

  • Plantar Fasciitis

    Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of a thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of the foot and connects to the heel bone to the toes. It commonly causes stabbing pain that usually occurs with the first steps in the morning. The pain normally decreases with increase in movement, but it might return after long period of standing or after rising from sitting.